要想焊接机器人得到好的焊接效果，除了硬件设施，像是配套机器人焊枪 ，清枪装置等设备外，好的编程也是必不可少的。1. 选择合理的焊接顺序。以减小焊接变形、焊枪行走路径长度来制定焊接顺序。2. 焊枪空间过渡要求移动轨迹较短、平滑、安全，3. 优化焊接参数。为了获得最佳的焊接参数，制作工作试件进行焊接实验和工艺评定。4. 合理的变位机位置、焊枪姿态、焊枪相对接头的位置。工件在变位机上固定之后，若焊缝不是理想的位置与角度，就要求编程时不断调整变位机，使得焊接的焊缝按照焊接顺序逐次达到水平位置，同时要不断调整机器人各轴的位置，合理的确定焊枪相对接头的位置、角度与焊丝伸出长度。工件的位置确定之后，焊枪相对接头的位置通过编程者的双眼观察，难度较大。这就要求编程者善于总结积累经验。5. 及时插入清枪程序。编写一定长度的焊接程序后，应及时插入清枪程序。可以防止焊接飞溅堵塞焊接火口和导电嘴，保证焊枪的清洁，提高火口的使用寿命。6. 编制程序一般不能一步到位，要在机器人焊接过程中不断检验和修改，调整焊接参数及焊枪姿态等，才会形成一个好程序。
In order to get a good welding effect of the welding robot, in addition to hardware facilities, such as supporting robotic welding guns, clearing guns and other equipment, good programming is also essential.
1. Choose a reasonable welding sequence. The welding sequence is determined by reducing the welding deformation and the length of the welding torch travel path. 2. The space transition of the welding gun requires a short, smooth and safe moving path. 3. Optimize the welding parameters. In order to obtain the best welding parameters, work specimens were produced for welding experiments and process evalsuation. 4. Reasonable position of the positioner, torch attitude, position of the welding gun relative to the joint. After the workpiece is fixed on the positioner, if the weld is not the ideal position and angle, it is required to continuously adjust the positioner during programming so that the welded welds reach the horizontal position one by one in the welding sequence, and the position of each axis of the robot is constantly adjusted. Reasonably determine the position, angle and extension length of the welding gun relative to the joint. After the position of the workpiece is determined, the position of the welding gun relative to the joint is difficult to observe through the eyes of the programmer. This requires the programmer to be good at summing up the accumulated experience. 5. Insert the clearing gun program in time. After writing a certain length of welding procedure, the clearing gun procedure should be inserted in time. It can prevent the welding splash from clogging the welding torch and the contact tip, ensuring the cleaning of the welding torch and improving the service life of the fire mouth. 6. The programming process is generally not in one step. It is necessary to continuously check and modify the welding process of the robot, adjust the welding parameters and the attitude of the welding gun, etc., to form a good program.
The use of welding robots to complete the welding work can greatly improve the product quality and corporate image, and reduce the labor cost to a certain extent. For enterprises, choosing a welding robot instead of labor is undoubtedly the right choice!